The once famous ‘Evil Maid’ is again making a comeback. A security firm, F-Secure has issued a fresh warning about possible evil maid attacks by exploiting Intel’s Active Management Technology and other techniques. The spate of fresh evil maid attacks in the wild were discovered by F-Secure senior security consultant Harry Sintonen.
Investigations by Sintonen showed that insecure defaults in Intel’s AMT allow an intruder to completely bypass login credentials in any laptop in 30 seconds, which lends itself to the “evil maid” scenario. When going public with his findings in January 2018, Sintonen said that even a minute of distracting a target from their laptop is enough to enable an attacker to gain access to the target machine.
So what exactly is an evil maid attack and how do you protect your laptop against such attacks? In this article, we try to find out about the evil maid attack and how to protect your devices from such attacks.
This is how an evil maid attack is launched :
Scene I: You are out vacationing or sitting in a restaurant. You suddenly feel the urge to visit nature’s call. Due to urgency, you leave your laptop open because you are confident that laptop is safe as the hard drive is encrypted.
Scene II: An evil maid spots you leaving you leaving your table.
Scene III: The evil maid sneaks up to the laptop and boots it with a compromised bootloader on a USB stick. The evil maid then installs a keylogger to capture your encryption key and shuts the laptop back down.
Scene IV: You come back to your table and boot the laptop. Nothing is amiss and you don’t even recollect leaving your laptop orphaned in coming days.
Scene V: The following morning or the day after, the evil maid comes back and retrieves the encryption key from the database.
The purpose of the attack may be to steal and sell the key or make changes to the laptop’s software right then and there — but whatever the reason for the attack, the laptop has been touched twice by an unauthorized person without an alarm bell going off.
The newly found AMT vulnerability aids such attacks though there are numerous other ways a potential hacker can compromise a device, including cold boot attacks, inserting compromised hardware, and loading malware.
To safeguard your laptop and other portable devices from such evil maid attacks you are advised to
- Never leave devices unattended.
- Always carry with you all small peripherals, such as USB drives.
- Avoid using any unknown peripheral.
- Ensure BIOS and firmware update are applied without delay.
- Enable input–output memory management unit (IOMMU) features.
- Adopt full disk encryption.
- Enforce secure boot protection.
- Shut down devices when unattended.
Some attackers are so skilled that they can replace a device with an identical one without the victim knowing it so you have to extra careful when you leave your laptop or smartphone unattended.